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5/19/17

Jackson’s “One Lake” project: Pearl River flow and nutrient pollution problems

Picayune Item Staff Report:

There is a pending permit application to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to dam the Pearl River and build a 1,500 acre lake in the Jackson, Mississippi metro-area. The proposed “One Lake” project is moving rapidly and begs for close scrutiny from all interests that rely on the Pearl River to safely and legally discharge their regulated wastewater.   
In Mississippi alone, 98 industries, businesses and municipalities have wastewater discharge permits affecting the Pearl River and its tributaries. Twenty municipal sewage plants depend on the Pearl River in Mississippi. Jackson, West Rankin, Picayune, Poplarville and Columbia are capable of a combined discharge of 92.5 million gallons per day of treated sewage. Terry, Byram, Mendenhall, New Hebron and Monticello, combined, can add another 1.5 million gallons per day. 
In Louisiana there are dozens of permit holders in Washington and St. Tammany Parishes, including Bogalusa International Paper mill, and the towns of Bogalusa, and Pearl River. They all need stable flows and adequate dilution on the Pearl and its tributaries.
The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) issues permits requiring permit holders to treat their wastewater before releasing it into the Pearl or a tributary. Because there are other sources of wastewater going into the Pearl, like runoff from parking lots, farms and septic systems, the Pearl River is on the MDEQ Impaired Waters List. Too much nitrogen and phosphorus is ending up in the Pearl, so limits on the amount of these pollutants put into the Pearl have been written into permits held by industry, business and municipalities.  Too much of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds cause excess algae and plankton to grow, and too much algae and plankton choke the life out of a river.  Abundant algae and plankton growth, plus high summer temperatures rob the water of oxygen and can cause fish kills.  Permit limits for nitrogen and phosphorus manage this risk to public health and the environment, but they also add costs to permit holders, which are passed on to customers and taxpayers.
There must also be adequate water in a receiving stream to mix with and dilute the wastewater. Pollutant limits are important, but so is the flow of the river where the waste mixture is being released.  Permit holders run into problems when stream flows are reduced and proper waste dilution isn’t possible.  Reduced flows in our rivers happen each summer and fall when rainfall amounts are seasonally low. But there are other threats to flow, like the kind of dam being proposed for the Pearl.  Dams threaten to limit flow, and limiting flow makes it tough to comply with wastewater discharge permits. The Pearl River is under such a threat now.
On top of limiting flow with a dam, the surface area of an impounded lake evaporates much more water than the surface of a flowing river. More evaporation can affect flow and the dilution of pollutants. In 2013, the St. Tammany Parish engineering department examined evaporation predictions for this 1,500 acre lake project and calculated a possible reduction of 90 cubic feet per second of flow at their end of the Pearl River. That kind of reduction can have a significant impact on permits, and on the health of the river downstream.
With water being evaporated now off of the Barnett Reservoir, and more evaporative loss from the surface of a second lake, the permit holders downstream should consider how a new lake will affect them.
The “One Lake” sponsors claim that harmful changes to flow from a new lake and dam won’t hurt downstream interests on the Pearl.  But once 1,500 acres are dredged, dammed and developed, it will be too late. The Drainage District sponsoring the project received permission from Congress to self-fund the required studies and environmental impact statements. This “self- funding” involved state money:  the Mississippi Development Authority provided a $1 million Industry Incentive grant in 2013.   Downstream permit holders must do their homework and closely examine the draft Environmental Impact Statement and feasibility studies that are expected to come out in the next few weeks. More changes in Pearl River flow will make complying with permit limits more difficult and more expensive. The Pearl River needs restoration, not more dams.
By Andrew E. Whitehurst
Water Program Director
Gulf Restoration Network
Reprinted with permission from the Picayune Item

5/3/17

I want to say one word to you.


In the movie The Graduate, a young Dustin Hoffman plays Benjamin, a recent college grad wondering what to make of his life. He’s approached by Mr. McGuire, a friend of his parents:
McGuire: I want to say one word to you. Just one word.
Benjamin: Yes, sir.
McGuire: Are you listening?
Benjamin: Yes, I am.
McGuire: Plastics.
Benjamin: Exactly how do you mean?

I have similar, one-word advice for water resources specialists: Systems.

Perhaps you’re as confused as Benjamin, or maybe it’s old news. I find that most practitioners fail to comprehend how important systems thinking is to good water resources management, good policy, good everything. A lack of systems thinking produces unanticipated problems in every field. Systems thinking prevents many problems.

The standard definition is that systems thinking is holistic – it considers not just the component of interest but also the linkages and interactions of all the other components affected by and affecting that component. It recognizes the fundamental interconnectedness of all things.

That’s too dry to be meaningful, so here’s an example: A dam on a river pools water upstream, flattening the slope and slowing the flow. The flow rates also change downstream, reducing some flows and increasing others, depending on the dam’s operational rules. Sediment deposits in the upstream pool and erodes downstream of the dam, changing the river bed and water surface profile. Those changes propagate upstream and downstream great distances, altering river hydraulics far from the site. Water temperature, residence time, evaporation, and reaeration rates change as the flow is slowed and stored, sometimes changing water quality.  Groundwater rises or falls depending on demand vs supply. Some aquatic species prefer impounded water, others can’t handle it, so the biological community changes. Lakeside properties become desirable home sites, so septic systems, fertilizer and pesticide runoff increase. Construction site erosion contributes faster runoff and more sediment. Increased population increases needed water, highway, school, and other government services, so tax revenue must rise. The effects, both favorable and unfavorable, spread farther and farther from the dam, affecting the physical, biological, economics, and social fabric of an entire region.

A transportation example: The U.S. manages transportation by looking only at one mode at a time instead of a system for moving people and goods. Each mode – highway, railway, airline, waterway and pipeline – has a separate set of practitioners and advocates when they should be viewed as an integrated system of balanced choices. With few exceptions, mass transit is managed as a competitor to personal vehicles instead of a complimentary component of a single system. Politicians rant about subsidizing Amtrak while happily supporting massive subsidies for highways, which encourage urban sprawl, requiring still more highways.

The Corps of Engineers has attempted to address systems effects in water resources with programs like Regional Sediment Management and Engineering with Nature. EPA has long advocated a watershed approach to air and water quality issues. Both run up against hard political boundaries that limit the approach. Some local and state departments of transportation, notably Mississippi’s, demonstrate an enlightened understanding of transportation as a multi-modal system, but the U.S. Congress and Federal DOT wear blinders, seeing only one piece, one project at a time.

What to do? First, teach systems thinking in school, starting with high school and continuing in college and professional schools. Professional societies can organize conferences and encourage systems-oriented papers just as they do case studies, with a separate journal section. They can offer continuing education on systems approaches in various disciplines. They can educate the public, politicians, and agencies. As individuals, we can search out books and short courses to help us open our horizons. A good place to start is the book, Thinking in Systems: A Primer, by Donella H. Meadows. We can educate and encourage our elected officials to think in terms of holistic systems.


Are you listening? “Systems.”

4/20/17

2016 Riser Program Irrigation Summary

By Jason Krutz, Irrigation Specialist and Dan Roach, Ext. Associate



The Row-Crop Irrigation Science and Extension Research (RISER) was developed as a science based approach to evaluating irrigation Best Management Practices (BMPs) here in the Delta. The RISER program is designed to assist producers in reducing water use while maintaining yield and profitability. Growers participating in the RISER program agree to allow the MSU researcher to manage the irrigation decisions on one field while the producer manages the control.
Since 2013, the RISER program encompassed over thirty-six producer fields covering all major soil types here in the Delta. While maintaining yield, the Riser program participants reduced their water use by 25% over the controls. These results demonstrate the potential for computerized hole selection (PHAUCET or Pipe Planner), surge irrigation,and soil moisture sensors to improve water use efficiency and producer profitability.
With observations from twenty locations, the RISER soybean trials yields were equivalent to the fields managed by the producer. Water use was reduced by 21% and water use efficiency improved by 36%. Producer profitability was increased by $13 per acre.
Similarly, the RISER corn trials consisted of  sixteen locations. Results from RISER corn trials demonstrate the utility of irrigation timing tools such as moisture sensors. Utilizing moisture sensors to trigger irrigation allowed the MSU researcher to reduce water use by 3.9 acre inches,  a 41% reduction in comparison to the producer. Corn yields were increased by 7 bushels and overall profitability was increased by $27 per acre.

For more information or request for participation in this years Riser Demonstrations, Dr Krutz can be contacted at 662 588 8974.

3/20/17

Are rivers wasted water?

In “Just the Two of Us” the great Bill Withers sings:
Wasted water's all that is
And it don't make no flowers grow.

He’s talking about tears being wasted water but some folks make the same argument about rivers flowing into the sea. Just think of how we might use the Mississippi River’s billions upon billions of gallons in productive ways. A prominent engineer once praised the idea of diverting some of the Mississippi’s flow and conveying it along the Interstate 20 median to thirsty west Texas. “We could make the desert bloom!” he cried, “Instead of wasting it into the Gulf.” Growing flowers instead of growing the Gulf’s hypoxic zone.

But is it really wasted? Large chunks of Louisiana are already sinking into the sea because the Mississippi River’s sediment supply has fallen drastically. Without fresh water to sustain them, those Louisiana and Mississippi marshes would disappear even faster. Without fresh water the vast coastal nurseries for shrimp, oysters, finfish, and other creatures would become too salty and our already stressed Gulf fisheries would collapse. Without the river’s huge flow, multiple cities in Louisiana would lose their only source of water for cities and industries. Those are some steep costs to make west Texas bloom.

Pick your depiction: Dams on rivers provide flood damage reduction, water supply, recreation, navigation, power generation, and desirable home sites; or dams on rivers turn lovely, flowing streams into unsightly mud puddles, prevent fish migration, drown beautiful valleys, destroy ecosystems, and endanger everyone downstream. Unfortunately, seeing only one of these two extremes is typical of the debate. Some people see only benefits of capturing river flows; others see only losses, and arguments between them generate lots of heat but very little useful light.

Here are some proposed truths about rivers and their uses:
·         Harnessing rivers through dams and diversions has both advantages and disadvantages.
·         Advantages may include economic, environmental, aesthetic, and social benefits.
·         Disadvantages may include economic, environmental, aesthetic, and social losses.
·         A calm discussion of the advantages and the disadvantages is needed to decide which outweighs the other for a majority of our people, now and in the future.

·         Shouting slogans at each other prevents a meaningful discussion. 
NASA Terra Satellite Photo of the Mississippi River plume and nearby coastlines.
Courtesy of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).








3/10/17

In Fast-Moving World, Slow-Going Barges Ply US Waterways

By  Ted Landphair
A small, but mighty, tugboat pushes a barge loaded with coal up the Ohio River, past downtown Louisville, Kentucky.
Barges haul about 5 percent of the nation’s bulk tonnage
These days, words like “speed,” “flexibility,” and “high-tech” describe the American culture - and a lot of the nation’s business operations.

But not one that’s based on the nation’s inland rivers.

The companies that control the 21,000 barges that towboats and tugboats push and pull along big rivers such as the Mississippi, Ohio, and Tennessee in America’s midsection have none of those attributes.
Barges move ever so slowly - about 9.5 kilometers [6 miles] an hour. There’s not much flexibility in what they do: the rivers are where they are, and strings of 60-meter [195-foot]-long barges get to their destination in their own sweet time. 

This is one of four massive barges that broke away from their towboat on the Ohio River last April. One sank.

Or late, due to floods, low water, or problems that arise in the old and creaky locks along the big rivers.

There’s a lot of waiting and patience involved in the barge business, in other words.

About the only high-tech features involve safety on board and coordination of delivery of coal, chemicals, and grain from their source to river ports for loading.

Otherwise, the barges that carry about 1,700 tons of cargo apiece - 15 times the tonnage of a rail car and 40 times more than a truck can carry - are pretty much the same as they were in the 1920s.
That’s when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began dredging America’s large inland waterways to create deep channels to accommodate barge traffic. 



Barges haul about five percent of the nation’s bulk tonnage, and business is relatively good.
Grain production has been booming, although more and more of the nation’s corn stays put on dry land for conversion to ethanol.
And the Ohio, in particular, is still jammed with coal barges feeding coal-fired power plants along the river.

But lucrative traffic in containers arriving from overseas has mostly bypassed the rivers in favor of roads, despite the higher cost of trucks and trains. Why? Because, unlike barge companies and captains, container shippers and their customers are in a hurry.



3/3/17

Restoring the Lower Pearl River Restoration Project


The Lower Pearl River in Pearl River and Hancock Counties Mississippi is the boundary between Mississippi and Louisiana.  The Basin has two river systems; the Pearl River (sometimes referred to as the “East Pearl”) which separates Mississippi and Louisiana and the West Pearl which flows through Louisiana. The two rivers are connected by numerous branches, sloughs and bayous that flow westward from the Pearl River to contribute flows to Louisiana’s West Pearl River.  During low- flow periods, 85-90% of the Pearl River’s flow was diverted into the West Pearl River because of construction, neglect, and the Pearl River’s normal actions.  Without some action, the Lower Pearl River would soon cease to flow in Pearl River and Hancock Counties.
The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality and the Pearl River Basin Development District (PRBDD) worked with Mississippi’s Congressional to get the Lower Pearl River Project funded as a wetlands restoration project through the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE) in 1994.   The project was designed to achieve a 50/50 low-flow split for an 18-mile reach of the Lower Pearl River from Wilson Slough downstream to Holmes Bayou to provide a net wetlands gain and protect threatened and endangered mussel beds.  The Project’s main elements were:
1.            Construct an earth-filled weir at the inlet of Wilson Slough;
2.            Close outlets at Brier Patch, Moore’s, and Icebox Bayous and an unnamed channel; and,
3.            Excavate a channel on the Pearl River downstream of Wilson Slough.

The COE completed construction of the project in late 1998 and turned the project over to the PRBDD to operate and maintain.  The federal government through the COE provided 100% of the project’s study and permitting costs of $749,150.  The $4,166,893 design and construction costs were split 75/25 with the federal share being $3,125,170 and the sponsor’s share being $1,041,723.

However the Wilson Slough weir was seriously damaged by high water almost immediately and the COE had to assume responsibility for the project again in early 1999.  The weir was seriously damaged again in 2002.  The federal government assumed 100% of the $4,730,866 repair costs.

Despite the repairs, the project has never been able to meet the design goal of 50/50 low-flow allocation.  As of late 2010 the COE reported that the project had only been able to achieve an 85%/15% low-flow allocation between the Pearl and the West Pearl Rivers.  As the project’s local sponsor, the PRBDD has attempted to get the COE to re-evaluate and re-design the project to meet its design goals.


In 2015, the PRBDD applied to the COE for $100,000 of Continuing Authorities Program section 1135 funds (Project Modification for Environmental Benefit) to investigate the project and determine what modifications would be necessary to achieve the original 50/50 low flow allocation.  The PRBDD and the Pearl River County Board of Supervisors are working together with Mississippi’s Congressional Delegation to ensure that the COE funds this important project in 2017.  The PRBDD retained the Pickering Firm to provide technical services for this important regional project to ensure that the Lower Pearl River’s minimum flows continue supporting important ecological, environmental and recreational needs. 

2/20/17

River Locks and Dams - Action Needed - Inner Harbor Navigation Canal Lock Replacement

The Waterways Council has issued a Call to Action, and that action affects the Port of New Orleans.
Please see what you can do.
Your Help is Needed.  Tell the U.S. Army Corps You Support Replacing the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal Lock in New Orleans.  

Send a pre-written email (you can edit and personalize it) here:

 Send In Your Comments 

We need your help now by sending the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers your opinion. 

The New Orleans district is seeking public input as it considers options for the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal Lock. The lock opened in 1923 and connects the Mississippi River to the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, the nation's two highest-tonnage waterways.  One option, "Plan 3" includes replacing the existing lock. 
The proposed lock design would facilitate fewer trips through a safer, more efficient structure. This would reduce maintenance costs to the nation, decrease traffic congestion from bridge openings, lessen the number of barges waiting in queue near the lock, diminish noise for surrounding neighborhoods, and increase air quality. With a strong benefit-to-cost ratio of 4.78 to 1, constructing this new lock is a wise investment. 

The March 1 deadline is quickly approaching.  Please utilize our pre-written (you can personalize and make other edits) letter with this link:

 Send In Your Comments

2/10/17

Our declining aquifer is a cause for concern

Here is some good news from one of MWRA’s members – YMD Water Management District

The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality has reported that the 10% reporting goals established for each Delta county in the voluntary metering program have been met.

     Thanks go out to all the program participants who submitted their 2016 flowmeter reports.

     Meeting this annual goal continues to demonstrate the willingness of Delta farmers to work through voluntary measures to help manage and protect our critical water resources. 


     We appreciate your continued participation in this program.

Kay Whittington, director of the Office of Land and Water Resources at the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, and Mark Stiles, technical director, Yazoo Water Management District, at the 2016 Mississippi Irrigation Summit.


Ensuring sustainable water supply for Delta's farmers
Is the long-standing draw on the Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer sustainable?
Feb 02, 2017
Farmers in the Mississippi Delta have never really had to worry about the availability of ground water. Even when Mother Nature held back precipitation for extended periods, challenging dryland production, wells readily pumped seemingly endless volumes of water to farming irrigation systems.
Is the long-standing draw on the Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer sustainable? Will the area’s next generation of farmers have an adequate water supply for their operations?
Those questions and many more like them are being addressed by the Delta Sustainable Water Resources Task Force, a consortium of organizations that, since 2011, has been working to evaluate the aquifer’s current level, convince producers to establish more efficient irrigation practices, and educate them on the long-term importance of both.
Kay Whittington, director of the Office of Land and Water Resources 
at Mississippi’s Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ), put the problem in perspective, saying, “The number of permitted ground water wells in the Delta has increased from slightly fewer than 3,000 in the 1980s, to over 19,000 today.”

Those wells in the late 1980s had a permitted volume of 900,000 acre feet per year. Today, 19,400 wells are permitted for 5.5 million acre feet per year.
The aquifer does recharge itself, but because of the high volume of water being drawn from it over decades, it cannot recharge fast enough to maintain a sustainable level moving forward — a level that has been declining steadily for over 30 years.
Land subsidence
Land subsidence, the gradual settling or sudden sinking of the Earth’s surface caused by movement in subsoil materials is, thankfully, not a problem in the Delta. It is in many parts of the country.
“The Delta draws from deeper aquifers for drinking water, so there’s no direct competition between water used for irrigation and water used for drinking,” explains Whittington.
Acknowledging the significance of the Delta’s water supply issue, Gov. Phil Bryant issued an executive order in 2014 formalizing the Task Force and instructing the member organizations to work collectively to devise solutions. The group’s guiding principles include: Manage water as efficiently as possible; store it when it is plentiful to use when it is not; and pursue every feasible alternative to attain aquifer sustainability.
Conservation, the group’s initial mantra, is something producers can implement easily, and can yield both immediate and significant benefits. Tailwater recovery systems, instream weirs, and possibly “intra-basin” transfers have the potential to encourage producers to use surface water where it is available instead of ground water.
“We’re also considering transferring ground water from a high volume area of the aquifer and injecting it to enhance recharge in an area where groundwater levels are lower. Strategically located weirs also have the potential to enhance recharge. The Task Force is considering all alternatives that hold potential,” adds Whittington.
Monitoring and Modeling
The U.S. Geological Survey, in collaboration with MDEQ and other Task Force organizations, has developed a comparative modeling analysis to illustrate how the aquifer would respond to the various suggested alternatives. Ag economists are comparing the costs of various alternatives from a per-unit of water provided or saved perspective, and pilot projects are being conducted to evaluate the feasibility of groundwater injection and its potential to enhanced aquifer recharge.
The largest water reduction pressure on the aquifer is pumpage from the 19,000 wells. A volunteer flow meter installation program for agriculture was initiated by MDEQ. Reports of metered water use for ten percent of the wells in each Delta county were submitted by the Feb. 1, 2016, deadline. To avoid a mandatory metering program, permit holders must continue to submit reports on 10 percent of the wells in each county by Feb. 1 of each year.
“We have received 1,872 water use reports to date. Of those, 60 percent were related to soybeans. Next, was corn, cotton, and finally rice. It’s pretty representative of the Delta’s crop distribution, and that helps because we must have good, reliable data to improve model accuracy — which will also take into account soil types and precipitation,” explains Whittington.
Only one county, Desoto, has met its 10 percent requirement for the February 2017 deadline. Of the 1,666 reports needed, MDEQ has received only 526, which puts them behind from where they were last year. If compliance is not achieved, mandatory metering and interrelated regulations could be implemented — which nobody wants, but was discussed when the Task Force made this agreement.
Efforts from the Task Force are geared toward improving and understanding information related to the inputs for the model, and ultimately recharging of the aquifer.
Collaboration, commitment
“The problem of the aquifer’s decline can only be solved through collaboration and a Delta-wide commitment from agriculture. I encourage all farmers to participate in the Voluntary Flow Meter Installation Program. Current water use levels are not sustainable, but we believe these conservation efforts can make a huge difference in both the environmental and economic sustainability of the Delta,” concludes Whittington.



1/30/17

MIC-MWRA BOARD MEETING / DINNER reservations.

MIC-MWRA BOARD MEETING / DINNER reservations.

 A block of rooms have been reserved for February 8, 2017 - February 9, 2017. 

The special room rate will be available until January 20th or until the group block is sold-out, whichever comes first.

To make your reservation click here.

To pay for dinner by credit card click here.

Transportation Facilities Tax Incentive

Recently, Inland Rivers Ports and Terminals (IRPT) and a team of Members met with Mississippi State Senate leaders to explore a new piece of legislation aimed at serving the State’s freight transportation needs. The legislation is similar to bills passed in West Virginia and Missouri which offers a tax credit for shippers to use the waterways for freight transportation.

This act creates three types of income tax deductions for entities transporting cargo through port facilities in Missouri. The deductions will be administered by the Department of Economic Development.

Beginning January 1, 2017, manufacturers or distributors shipping cargo by through a port facility may be eligible for a deduction. The taxpayer must increase by 5% the volume of cargo they transport through a port facility over the prior year's total.

The deduction will be $50 per TEU over the prior year's cargo volume. For cargo transported through a new port facility in its first year, the deduction will be $50 per TEU. Taxpayers are limited to $250,000 in deductions per year.

Beginning January 1, 2017, taxpayers operating an international trade facility may qualify for a deduction based on the amount of cargo transported by airplane, rail, truck, or barge. The deduction will be equal to $25 per TEU or 16 tons of non containerized cargo. No more than $2 million in deductions may be claimed in a fiscal year.

Taxpayers operating an international trade facility that increase the volume of cargo by 10% over the prior year may qualify for a deduction. The deduction shall be in an amount equal to $3,500 per new full-time employee or 2% of the capital investment made in the facility. The new employees or capital investments must be related to an increase in trade activities through international shipping to qualify for the deduction. No more than $500,000 in deductions may be claimed in any fiscal year.

In Missouri, SB861 authorized port authorities located in Missouri to establish an advanced industrial manufacturing ("AIM") zone, which is an area that is being developed or redeveloped for any purpose so long as any infrastructure and building built or improved is in the development area. A zone may include any portion of the area located in the port authority's jurisdiction, and its boundaries must be determined by the authority.

The act created the Port Authority AIM Zone Fund consisting of 50% of the state withholding tax from new jobs within the zone after development or redevelopment has begun.


The money in the fund must be used for expenses to continue expanding, developing, and redeveloping zones identified by the port authority board of commissioners. No more than 10% of the total amount collected within the zones of a port authority may be appropriated by the legislature for the administration of a port authority. The authority must approve any projects, disperse money in the fund, and submit an annual budget for the collected funds to the Department of Economic Development explaining how and when the money will be spent.

1/20/17

Water Recycling - Drinking Sewage?

Drinking Sewage?

We’ve all heard the joke: Put a spoonful of wine in a barrel of sewage and you’ve still got a barrel of sewage. But put a spoonful of sewage in a barrel of wine and it changes into a barrel of sewage.

But is it true? It depends on whether the sewage is raw or treated and how it’s been treated.

Nature is the ultimate water recycler. Any drop of water we drink may have flowed through some animal before entering the continuous hydrologic cycle of precipitation, runoff, flow to the sea, and evaporation. We count on nature’s dilution and cleansing processes plus sophisticated water and sewage treatment systems to ensure a safe water supply. We assume, usually correctly, that the water coming out of our faucets can be safely used to drink, wash with, or dilute wine.

As strange as it seems, Mississippi’s water resources aren’t enough to satisfy all our demands. We have been depleting our groundwater supplies for years. Some of our rivers suffer from too little flow during dry seasons, unable to sustain our needs, even though they may flood during other seasons. Reservoirs, once thought to be the best solution to both flooding and dry spells, are a hard sell in the 21st century. So what do we do?

The first thing to do is accept the fact that sewage can be purified and become clean enough to reuse. We can look to our magnificent Mississippi River as an example. It provides both water supply and treated sewage dilution for states from Montana to Mississippi. We can learn from Nevada, where virtually every water drop gets recycled. We can learn from Columbus, where treated wastewater flows to the Cogentrix combined cycle power plant for use as cooling water. We can learn from the Landscape Architecture Department at MSU, whose building harvests rainwater for the native plants surrounding the building.

EPA offers the following terms:
Water recycling is reusing treated wastewater for beneficial purposes such as agricultural and landscape irrigation, industrial processes, toilet flushing, and replenishing a ground water basin (referred to as ground water recharge).
Gray water is reusable wastewater from residential, commercial and industrial bathroom sinks, bath tub shower drains, and clothes washing equipment drains.  Gray water is reused onsite, typically for landscape irrigation.


The next thing we can do is look for opportunities to recycle our water and put these technologies to work.

1/12/17

Progress at the Port of Gulfport

The restoration project has moved firmly into the vertical construction phase, with five major construction projects underway and eight more planned during the next 18 months. More than 65 percent of the total project funds have been committed to date and more than $70 million has been awarded during the past year alone. These contracts have had a significant impact on the local economy, supporting a total of 747 design and construction jobs. Of the 747 jobs, 538 are new hires within the companies working on the project with 155 held by low- and very-low-income local residents.


The unprecedented level of construction activity has included continued wharf upgrades to accommodate new gantry cranes, progress on a transit shed facility, installation of vital site infrastructure and the completion of additional storm protection measures. This transition to vertical construction represents several years of work, and Port leaders and staff are pleased to showcase this visible progress.